Complications from Diabetes1
It is important to identify diabetes and treat it as early as possible because uncontrolled diabetes can lead to other serious health problems. These include:
Kidney Disease occurs when cells and blood vessels in the kidneys are damaged, and the organ is not able to filter out waste as well. Waste builds up in your blood, which can sometimes lead to kidney failure.
Diabetic Eye Disease is the general name for a group of eye problems that can affect people with diabetes including: damage to the blood vessels in the eyes, cataracts or clouding of the eye’s lens and glaucoma, which is the damage of the optic nerve due to fluid pressure inside the eye. All these conditions can cause blindness and/or vision loss. Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of vision impairment and blindness among working-age adults.2
Heart Disease and Stroke are at least twice as likely to occur in people who have diabetes than in people who do not have diabetes. Over time, high blood glucose can damage your blood vessels and the nerves that control your heart and blood vessels.3 Diabetes and heart disease have similar risk factors, such as family history, obesity, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol.
Foot Care is extremely important for people who have diabetes. Diabetes can lower the amount of blood flow to your feet and toes, which means that sores, cuts, and blisters can take longer to heal or do not heal as well. You may also have reduced feeling in your feet and not feel irritation on your feet, which can end up as a sore. It is important to check your feet every day, wash them, and keep the skin soft and smooth.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diabetes. Prevent Complications. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/managing/problems.html
- National Eye Institute - Diabetic Retinopathy - https://nei.nih.gov/learn-about-eye-health/eye-conditions-and-diseases/diabetic-retinopath
- National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases - Diabetes, Heart Disease, and Stroke - https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/preventing-problems/heart-disease-stroke