The supply of COVID-19 vaccines will be limited for the first few months. This means that the vaccine will be offered to different groups of people at different times. When enough vaccine is ready, it will be offered to everyone. The phases will overlap so, for example, a person in Phase 1A may get their second dose of vaccine at the same time as a person in Phase 1B gets their first dose.
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All groups in Phase 1A are now being offered vaccine.
Vaccination began in mid-December.Phase 1A Phase 1A Healthcare Workers
Vaccine is not yet available to persons listed in Phase 1B, except for persons age 65 and older.Phase IB Tier 1
Persons age 65 and over are now eligible for vaccination. For the rest of Phase 1B, Tier 1, vaccination will begin on March 1.
The following prioritization is from the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health COVID-19 Vaccination Strategy Phase 1B, Tier 1
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) is an independent panel of medical and public health experts brought together by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to make recommendations about vaccine policies. The ACIP recommends to the CDC which people should be in each phase. While states often follow the ACIP recommendations, final decisions about when different groups will get the vaccine are made by each state. In California, those decisions are being made by the California Department of Public Health (CDPH).
These goals and principles are used to guide decisions about the order in which people are vaccinated
Goals – what we are trying to achieve:
Principles –the guidelines that will help us get to our goals:
In addition, there are other things to consider, like how to offer the vaccine in a way that reaches as many of the people in each phase as possible. This is complicated, especially since we don’t want people to gather in big crowds where they can’t be six feet apart when they get vaccinated.
Healthcare workers and people who live in nursing homes and other long-term care facilities are being offered the first doses of COVID-19 vaccines in Phase 1A.
The next group being offered the vaccine is Phase 1B Tier 1 which includes persons age 65 and over and certain essential workers. Older adults were given priority because they are more likely to get very sick if they get COVID-19. The workers who are being vaccinated next are those who are at risk of exposure at their work in the following sectors:
For phases after 1B Tier 1, the state is most likely going to allow healthcare providers to start vaccinating persons age 16-64 who have certain severe health conditions that put them at the highest risk of getting very sick from COVID-19. After that, the state will probably move to an age-based strategy. We will share more information when it is available from the CDC and the State.
Children will not be offered vaccine in the near future. The Pfizer vaccine has only been authorized by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) for people age 16 and over and the Moderna vaccine is only authorized for people age 18 and over. The next vaccines that will be authorized by the FDA are also for persons age 18 and over.
Current situation – residents of long- term care facilities, healthcare workers, and persons age 65 and over
Expanding access to vaccination
When vaccine is available to other groups of people, it will likely be given at:
Follow the prevention guidelines you’ve heard about since the pandemic started. You should cover your mouth and nose with a face mask whenever you are around others. Avoid close contact with other people outside your household, especially if they could be sick. Practice physical distancing and wash your hands often. See the guidance for reducing your risk.