Contact Information
Los Angeles County
Department of Public Health
Office of Women's Health
1000 S. Fremont Ave.
Building A-9 East, Unit #105
Alhambra, CA 91803
Phone: (626) 293-2600
Email: owh@ph.lacounty.gov
What is intimate partner violence?
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is violence or aggression that occurs in a close relationship. The term "intimate partner" includes current and former spouses and dating partners. IPV can vary in frequency and severity and occurs on a continuum, ranging from one episode that might or might not have lasting impact, to chronic and severe episodes over a period of years. IPV includes four types of behavior:
  • Physical - physical force against another (hitting, shoving, grabbing, restraining, forcing drug/alcohol use, and assault with a weapon, etc.)
  • Sexual - sexual harassment, assault, rape, and reproductive coercion; physical, verbal, or non-verbal
  • Psychological - intimidation, threats of harm, and isolation (damaging property or abusing pets, controlling partner/ex, spiritual abuse, etc.)
  • Emotional - undermining an individual’s sense of self-worth (constant criticism, name-calling, embarrassing, mocking, humiliating, etc.)
  • Economic – making/attempting financial dependence on the abuser (preventing/forbidding partner from working, gaining an education, controlling and/or withholding access to economic resources.

Several types of IPV can occur together. IPV is associated with several risk and protective factors. It is connected to other forms of violence, and causes serious health and economic consequences.

Teen Dating Violence
Teen dating violence  (TDV) is a type of intimate partner violence. It occurs between two people in a close relationship.

Dating violence can take place in person or electronically, such as repeated texting or posting sexual pictures of a partner online without consent. Unhealthy relationships can start early and last a lifetime. Teens often think some behaviors, like teasing and name-calling, are a "normal" part of a relationship- but these behaviors can become abusive and develop into serious forms of violence. However, many teens do not report unhealthy behaviors because they are afraid to tell family and friends.

Public Health has made reasonable efforts to provide accurate translation. However, no computerized translation is perfect and is not intended to replace traditional translation methods. If questions arise concerning the accuracy of the information, please refer to the English edition of the website, which is the official version.
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