Minimal collaboration: SUD providers and primary care providers work in separate facilities, have separate systems, and communicate sporadically
Basic collaboration at a distance: Primary care and SUD providers have separate systems at separate sites, but engage in period communication about shared patients
Basic collaboration on-site: SUD and primary care providers have separate systems but share the same facility
Close collaboration in a partly integrated system: SUD providers and primary care providers share the same facility and have some systems in common, such as scheduling appointments or medical records. Physical proximity allows for regular face-to-face communication among SUD and primary care providers.
Close collaboration in a fully integrated system: The SUD provider and primary care provider are part of the same team. The patient experiences the mental health treatment as part of his or her regular primary care.
Coordination between specialty care and primary care clinics
Co-location of screening, intervention and/or SUD treatment with primary care services, either in a primary care or an SUD treatment setting
Full integration of primary care and SUD screening, intervention, and/or treatment services in either a primary care or an SUD treatment setting, including records and documentation