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Office of Health Assessment and Epidemiology
Policy Analysis Unit
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Policy Analysis Unit


Contact Information
Policy Analysis Unit
Office of Health Assessment and Epidemiology
Los Angeles County Department of Public Health

313 N. Figueroa St., Room 127
Los Angeles, CA 90012
Phone: (213) 240-7785
Fax: (213) 250-2594
Email: pau@ph.lacounty.gov
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Health Impact Assessments

What is a Health Impact Assessment?

A Health Impact Assessment is a systematic process that:

  1. Uses data sources and analytical methods,

  2. Considers input from stakeholders,

  3. Determines potential effects of a proposed policy, program or project across other sectors on health; and

  4. Provides recommendations to monitor and manage potential effects.

What are the Steps to Conduct a Health Impact Assessment?

Step Description
Screening
  • Determines the need and value of an assessment.
Scoping
  • Identifies which health impacts to evaluate, methods for analysis and a work plan.
Assessment
  • Provides:
    a) A profile of a current health status
    b) Evaluation of potential positive and negative health impacts
Recommendations
  • Provide strategies to manage identifies adverse health impacts and maximize benefits to health
Reporting
  • Includes:
    a) Development of a report
    b) Communication of findings & recommendations
Monitoring
  • Tracks:
    a) Impacts on decision-making processes and the decision
    b) Impacts of the decision on health determinant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Health Impact Assessments in Los Angeles County

HIAs are a new and emerging public health tool.  A total of 18 assessments have been completed or are in progress in Los Angeles County1.  As shown in Figure 1, most of these assessments focus on health impacts of policies or projects related to the built environment, transportation and education.

Figure 1. Completed and In Progress Health Impact Assessments in Los Angeles County by Sector.

Pie chart of completed HIAs 

The Los Angeles County Department of Public Health (DPH) has completed 4 of these HIAs:

       Menu Labeling2,

       Reducing Sodium in the County of Los Angeles3,

       Potential Costs and Benefits of Providing Free Public Transportation Passes to Students in Los Angeles County4,

       Potential Costs and Benefits of Parks After Dark5,

      In collaboration with UCLA, DPH evaluated health impacts of transit alternatives to the highly congested Wilshire Corridor from mid-town Los   Angeles to Santa Monica6,

References:

  1. Health Impact Project: About Health Impact Assessments.  Accessible online at www.healthimpactproject.org.
  2. Division of Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention (2008).  Menu Labeling as a Potential Strategy for Combating the Obesity Epidemic. Los Angeles, CA: Los Angeles County Department of Public Health.
  3. Division of Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention (2010).  The Potential Health Impact of Reducing Excess Sodium Consumption in Los Angeles County.  Los Angeles, CA: Los Angeles County Department of Public Health.
  4. Division of Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention in Collaboration with the Health Impact Evaluation Center (2013).  The Potential Costs and Benefits of Providing Free Public Transportation Passes to Students in Los Angeles County. Los Angeles, CA: Los Angeles County Department of Public Health.
  5. Los Angeles County Department of Public Health. The Potential Costs and Health Benefits of Parks After Dark Rapid Health Impact Assessment, Executive Summary. September 2014.
  6. UCLA School of Public Health in Collaboration with the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health (2013).  Wilshire Corridor Transit Alternatives, Health Impact Assessment Draft Report.  University of California, Los Angeles.


 
 
 
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