Contact Information
Los Angeles County
Department of Public Health
Immunization Program
3530 Wilshire Blvd. Suite 700
Los Angeles, CA 90010
Phone: (213) 351-7800
Fax: (213) 351-2780

Perinatal Hepatitis B Prevention Unit
Phone: (213) 351-7400
Fax: (213) 351-2781

Rubella is a contagious disease that is caused by a virus. It is most contagious when the rash first appears. It is spread by airborne transmission of, or direct contact with, respiratory secretions of infected persons. The incubation period is 14 days and symptoms can include low-grade fever, maculopapular rash 14-17 days after exposure, and lymphadenopathy in the second week. Congenital infection with rubella can affect virtually all organ systems resulting in deafness, cataracts, heart defects, microcephaly, mental retardation, bone alterations, and damage to the liver and spleen.

Rubella can be prevented by vaccination with MMR or MMRV vaccines. One dose is recommended for all infants at 12 months of age and older. A second dose is recommended at 4 to 6 years of age. In unvaccinated children 12 years and older, two doses of MMR are required at a minimum interval of 1 month (i.e. minimum of 28 days) between doses.

Information and Resources for Families Information and Resources for Providers
Reporting Guidelines and Resources Alerts, Updates, and Reports

Report rubella and congenital rubella syndrome cases to the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health within 7 working days by submitting the Confidential Morbidity Report (CMR)

Business Hours: 
Phone: (888) 397-3993
Fax:     (888) 397-3778
After Business Hours
Phone: (213) 974-1234

Laboratory Testing Guidelines For
Measles and Mumps
It's Flu Season
Immunization Skills Institute
Public Health has made reasonable efforts to provide accurate translation. However, no computerized translation is perfect and is not intended to replace traditional translation methods. If questions arise concerning the accuracy of the information, please refer to the English edition of the website, which is the official version.
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