CHARACTERISTICS OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN WITH HIV AND AIDS

TABLE 1. Sociodemographic charactenstics of women with HIV and AIDS
interviewed in Los Angeles County, 1990-1997


Race/ethnicity of women

Black White Latina Other
No. % No. % No. % No. %
Characteristic   (n = 168) (n = 87) (n =  357) (n = 12)
Age at interview
   <=19 3 2 1 1 11 3 0
   20-29 40 24 19 22 118 33 1 8
   30-39 67 40 36 41 125 35 1 8
   40-49 41 24 25 29 55 15 8 67
   50-59 11 7 4 5 30 8 1 8
   60+ 2 1 2 2 9 3 1 8
   Missing information 4 2 0 9 3 0
   t-Test on difference in mean age:a 0.8; p = 0.4
Marital status
   Single 80 48 30 35 136 38 0
   Married 24 14 22 25 61 17 4 33
   Divorced/separated 40 24 22 25 48 13 5 42
   Other 24 14 13 15 112 31 3 25
   ORb for single vs other = 1.6; 95% CI = l.l, 2.3
Single parent
   Yes 108 64 35 40 199 56 5 42
   No 59 35 52 60 156 44 7 58
   ORb for single vs not single parent = 1.6; 95% Cl = 1.1, 2.4
Employment status
   Unemployed 148 88 68 78 304 85 7 58
   Employed 20 12 19 22 53 15 5 42
   Orb for unemployed vs employed = 1.5; 95% CI = 0.9, 2.5
Receiving public assistance or welfare, including Social Security
   Yes 144 86 62 71 281 79 6 50
   No/have not applied 20 12 23 26 65 18 5 42
   Applied/not received 4 2 2 2 10 3 1 8
   Refused to answer 0 0 I 0 0
   ORb for on public assistance vs not on public assistance = 1.8; 95% Cl = 1.1, 2.9
Living situation
   Living alone in house or apartment 25 15 12 14 24 7 2 17
   Living with partner, family, or 120 71 71 82 317 89 9 75
      friends in house or apartment
   Other 23 14 4 5 16 4 1 8
   ORb for living alone vs other living situation = 1.9; 95% CI = 1.1., 3.3
Annual household income
   <$10,000 U.S. 127 76 42 48 285 80 3 25
   $10,000-19,999 U.S. 16 10 19 22 43 12 3 25
   $20,000-29,999 U.S. 13 8 8 9 10 3 2 17
   >$30,000 U.S. 6 4 15 17 5 1 3 25
   Refused to answer 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0
   Unknown 6 4 2 2 12 3 1 8
   ORb comparing <$10,000 U.S. with >$10,000 U.S. =1.2; 95% Cl = 0.8, 1.8
Stage of HIV disease
   Asymptomatic HIV infection 41 24 20 23 145 41 2 17
   Symptomatic HIV infection 14 8 3 3 20 6 0
   AIDS 113 67 64 74 192 54 10 83
   ORb comparing asymptomatic and symptomatic HIV with AIDS = 0.7; 95%
   CI = 0.5, 1.0
Time between learning of HIV infection and seeking medical treatmentc
   >1 year 20 20 6 14 16 8 1 13
   6 months-1 year 7 7 2 5 6 3 1 13
   <6 months 73 73 34 81 169 88 6 75
ORb comparing >6 months with <6 months = 2.4; 95% CI = 1.4, 4.3

OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; SHAS, Supplement to HIV and AIDS Surveillance project.
a The t-test was conducted comparing African-American women with women of all other races.
b OR and 95% Cls were calculated comparing African-American women with women of all other races.
c This question was introduced in SHAS in 1995 and therefore only asked of approximately 50%  of  the subjects.

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Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology, Vol. 19, No. 4, December 1, 1998

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