Leptospirosis is an infection of both humans and animals. It is caused by bacteria called Leptospira. In humans it causes a wide range of symptoms. Some infected persons may have no symptoms. Others may have high fever, severe headache, and muscle aches. In severe cases, people may have jaundice (yellow skin and eyes) from liver failure. Severe disease may also cause kidney damage and respiratory distress. In rare cases death occurs. Many of these symptoms can be mistaken for other diseases. Leptospirosis is confirmed by testing of a blood or urine sample.
- ACDC: A Manual of Departmental Rules, Regulations and Control Procedures (B-73)
- LAC Report Form: Legionellosis Case Report (DHS 8577)
- CDC: Frequently Asked Questions (Jan 19, 2007)
- CDC: Leptospirosis Update (Feb 6, 2007)